Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction to Rome
  2. Getting to Rome
  3. Where to Stay in Rome
  4. Getting Around Rome
  5. Top Attractions in Rome
  6. Hidden Gems and Off-the-Beaten-Path Attractions
  7. Day Trips from Rome
  8. Rome for Foodies
  9. Cultural Experiences
  10. Shopping in Rome
  11. Seasonal Events and Festivals
  12. Tips for Traveling in Rome
  13. One-Day Itinerary in Rome
  14. Conclusion
  15. Additional Information

Introduction to Rome

Rome, known as the Eternal City, captivates visitors with its blend of ancient ruins, stunning Renaissance art, and vibrant street life. Italy’s capital is a sprawling, cosmopolitan city with nearly 3,000 years of globally influential art, architecture, and culture on display.

Getting to Rome

By Air

Rome Fiumicino Airport (FCO)

  • Address: Via dell’ Aeroporto di Fiumicino, 00054 Fiumicino RM, Italy
  • Phone: +39 06 65951
  • Website:
  • Transportation: Train (Leonardo Express), buses, taxis
  • Map: Google Maps

Rome Ciampino Airport (CIA)

By Train

Roma Termini

By Car

Driving to Rome offers flexibility but be prepared for traffic. Rental services are available at both airports.

Where to Stay in Rome

Luxury Hotels

Hotel de Russie

Boutique Hotels

Hotel Campo de’ Fiori

Budget Accommodations

Generator Rome

Getting Around Rome

Public Transport

Rome’s public transportation network offers extensive coverage of the city and suburbs. The integrated system of buses, trams, and metro services is operated by ATAC.


Taxis and Ride-Sharing

Taxis are plentiful and can be hailed on the street or found at taxi ranks. Uber operates in Rome, providing an alternative to traditional taxis.

Walking and Biking

Rome’s historic center is compact and most attractions are within walking distance. Bike rentals are a great way to explore quieter streets and parks.


Rome Metro Guide for Tourists

a map of a metro system


Rome’s metro system is an efficient way to explore the city, comprising three main lines: A, B, and C, with plans for expansion. Here’s all you need to know for a smooth ride.

Metro Lines

  • Line A (Orange): Runs from Battistini to Anagnina, passing major attractions like Vatican City and Spanish Steps.
  • Line B (Blue): Connects Laurentina to Rebibbia, with a branch (B1) from Bologna to Jonio. Key stops include Colosseum and Termini.
  • Line C (Green): Runs from Monte Compatri-Pantano to San Giovanni, with future extensions planned.


  • BIT (Single Ticket): €1.50 for 100 minutes.
  • 24H, 48H, 72H Passes: €7, €12.50, €18 for unlimited travel within the specified time.
  • CIS (Weekly Ticket): €24 for unlimited travel for 7 days.
  • Rome Super Pass: €95 includes unlimited transport and entry to top attractions.

Operating Hours

  • Sun-Thurs: 5:30 a.m. – 11:30 p.m.
  • Fri-Sat: 5:30 a.m. – 1:30 a.m.

Where to Buy Tickets

  • Metro stations, authorized ticket offices, online, and via mobile apps.

Useful Tips

  • Night Buses: Replacement services for late-night travel.
  • Frequency: Peak hours see trains every 2-3 minutes, off-peak up to 20 minutes.
  • Travel Time: Generally 2 minutes between stops.

Major Stations

  • Termini: Main interchange for lines A and B.
  • Colosseo: Closest station to the Colosseum.
  • Spagna: Near Spanish Steps and Villa Borghese.

For more details, visit the

Top Attractions in Rome


The iconic symbol of Imperial Rome, offering insight into the history of the Roman Empire.


  • Address: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma RM, Italy
  • Phone: +39 06 39967700
  • Website:
  • Working Hours: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM
  • Price: €12 for basic entry, combined tickets available
  • Map: Google Maps

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Vatican City

Home to the Pope and a treasure trove of iconic art and architecture, including the Sistine Chapel and St. Peter’s Basilica.

Vatican Museums

  • Address: Viale Vaticano, 00165 Roma RM, Italy
  • Phone: +39 06 69884676
  • Website:
  • Working Hours: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM (Monday to Saturday)
  • Price: €17 for basic entry, online booking available
  • Map: Google Maps

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome


A remarkable ancient temple, now a church, and one of the best-preserved Ancient Roman buildings.


  • Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
  • Phone: +39 06 68300230
  • Website: Information available through Rome tourism sites
  • Working Hours: 9:00 AM – 7:30 PM
  • Price: Free entry
  • Map: Google Maps

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Roman Forum

The heart of ancient Rome, with ruins that tell the tale of the Roman Republic.

Roman Forum

  • Address: Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
  • Phone: +39 06 6990110
  • Website:
  • Working Hours: 8:30 AM – 7:00 PM
  • Price: Included with Colosseum ticket
  • Map: Google Maps

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Trevi Fountain

A Baroque masterpiece famous for its beauty and the tradition of throwing coins in to ensure a return to Rome.

Trevi Fountain

  • Address: Piazza di Trevi, 00187 Roma RM, Italy
  • Map: Google Maps

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Hidden Gems and Off-the-Beaten-Path Attractions

Centrale Montemartini

An old power station turned museum that offers a unique backdrop to classical statues and relics.

Centrale Montemartini

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

The Appian Way

An ancient road that offers a scenic walk through Roman history, lined with ruins, catacombs, and verdant countryside.

The Appian Way

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Day Trips from Rome


Just a short drive from Rome, Tivoli is home to beautiful villas like Villa d’Este, with its famed gardens and fountains.

Villa d’Este

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Ostia Antica

The ancient port of Rome provides a less crowded alternative to Pompeii for those interested in ancient ruins.

Ostia Antica

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Rome for Foodies

Must-Try Dishes

Carbonara, Cacio e Pepe, Gelato, and of course, Roman pizza.

Best Restaurants

La Pergola

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome



Street Food

Do not miss trying a slice of Pizza al Taglio or a Supplì (fried rice balls) at local markets.

Cultural Experiences

Opera at Teatro dell’Opera di Roma

A chance to dress up and see a traditional Italian opera.

Teatro dell’Opera di Roma

  • Address: Piazza Beniamino Gigli, 7, 00184 Roma RM, Italy
  • Phone: +39 06 481601
  • Website:
  • Price: From €25 per ticket
  • Map: Google Maps


Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Visit the Vatican Museums

Home to an extensive collection of art and historical artifacts collected by the Popes.

Vatican Museums

  • Address: Viale Vaticano, 00165 Roma RM, Italy
  • Phone: +39 06 69884676
  • Website:
  • Working Hours: 9:00 AM – 6:00 PM (Monday to Saturday)
  • Price: €17 for basic entry, online booking available
  • Map: Google Maps

Comprehensive Travel Guide to Rome

Shopping in Rome

Via del Corso

Main shopping street with a mix of high-street and designer stores.

Via Condotti

Home to high-end fashion brands and luxury shopping.

Seasonal Events and Festivals

Estate Romana

A summer-long festival featuring concerts, cultural events, and open-air cinema screenings.

Tips for Traveling in Rome


Generally safe, but be aware of pickpockets and scams, especially around major tourist sites.


Tap water is safe to drink, and medical services are excellent but can be expensive for tourists without insurance.

Additional Travel Tips

  • Avoid restaurants that display photos of their food.
  • Consider getting the Roma Pass for discounts and free entry to many sites.
  • Take advantage of the free entry to state museums on the first Sunday of each month.
  • Be wary of gladiators around major tourist spots. They can be insistent and expensive.
  • When dining out in Rome, embrace the local dining times to fully experience the city’s vibrant restaurant scene. Lunch is typically from 12:30 PM to 2:30 PM and dinner from 7:30 PM to 11 PM. Italians tend to dine late, especially compared to other cultures, with around 8 PM being a common time for dinner​ ​.
  • Understanding the types of eating places can enhance your dining experience:
    Osteria: Offers simple food and wine, often with a limited or no written menu.
    Trattoria: A more family-oriented setting offering traditional cuisine, usually at moderate prices.
    Ristorante: More formal than trattorias, offering a full menu that includes multiple courses.
    Pasticceria: Ideal for breakfast, these are Italian bakeries known for fresh pastries and coffee​ ​.
  • Coffee culture is taken very seriously in Italy. Some quick tips:
    Espressos are much smaller in Italy than elsewhere.
    It’s customary to drink cappuccinos only before 11 AM and never with meals.
    Standing at the bar for coffee is cheaper than sitting at a table​ ​.
  • Rome is filled with public drinking fountains, offering clean and cool water. Carrying a refillable water bottle is a great way to stay hydrated without purchasing bottled water. There’s even an app, “I Nasoni di Roma,” to help you locate these fountains throughout the city​ ​.
  • For one of the best views of Rome, visit Gianicolo Hill. It offers a panoramic view of the city and is a perfect spot for a sunset​ ​.
  • When visiting, try to adapt to local customs to enrich your experience. For instance, experiencing a meal on Gianicolo Hill or enjoying an espresso standing up at a bar can give you a taste of everyday Roman life​ ​​ ​.
  • Tour Offers: Consider booking specialized tours like those offered by Walks of Italy for a deeper historical insight, especially for places like the Colosseum and Vatican City.
  • Morning Visits: Early mornings are less crowded at major attractions like the Trevi Fountain, making it an ideal time for visits.
  • Local Neighborhoods: Explore areas like Trastevere for a more authentic Roman experience and great local cuisine.
  • Free Tours: Utilize free walking tours to get acquainted with the city, but remember to tip your guide.
  • Explore the Villa Borghese gardens: A green oasis in Rome, featuring beautiful art galleries hidden amidst the foliage, offering a peaceful escape from the bustling city center.
  • Nightlife: Rome transforms at night with its landmarks beautifully illuminated. Enjoy the city’s different vibe by exploring famous sites and neighborhoods under the night sky.
  • Exploration Tips: Rome offers a mix of famous sites and lesser-known gems. For a full cultural experience, balance your itinerary between major landmarks like the Colosseum and unique spots like the Pigneto neighborhood, known for its vibrant street art and cafes.
  • Cultural Norms: Italians generally dine late, similar to Spanish dining customs, with restaurants bustling around 8 PM. Integrating this into your schedule will help you enjoy a more authentic dining experience.

One-Day Itinerary in Rome

Morning: Ancient Rome

Start at the Colosseum: Arrive early to beat the crowds and explore this iconic symbol of Rome. Consider a guided tour to enrich your experience.
Roman Forum & Palatine Hill: Walk through the heart of ancient Rome, just a short distance from the Colosseum. These sites are rich with history and offer stunning views of the city.
Midday: Vatican City

Lunch near the Vatican: Grab a quick lunch at a local café before heading into Vatican City.
Vatican Museums & Sistine Chapel: Reserve skip-the-line tickets and explore the vast collections of art. Don’t miss the Sistine Chapel with Michelangelo’s famous ceiling.
St. Peter’s Basilica: Visit this enormous church, a cornerstone of Catholicism and a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture. If the queue allows, climb to the dome for panoramic views of Rome.
Afternoon: Historic Center

Piazza Navona: Enjoy the Baroque architecture and street artists. Grab a coffee at one of the terraces.
Pantheon: A short walk from Piazza Navona, the Pantheon is an ancient temple with a stunning dome. It’s free to enter and offers a quick but impressive stop.
Trevi Fountain: Conclude your walk at the Trevi Fountain. Tradition says throwing a coin over your shoulder ensures a return to Rome.
Evening: Trastevere

Dinner in Trastevere: Head to this charming neighborhood known for its traditional Roman cuisine and vibrant nightlife.
Stroll and Gelato: After dinner, wander the picturesque streets and enjoy a gelato from a local gelateria.
This itinerary packs the highlights of Rome into one bustling day. It’s a full schedule, so be sure to wear comfortable shoes and be prepared for a lot of walking!


Rome offers a captivating blend of history, culture, and modern life. Its timeless charm makes it a perennial favorite among travelers. Whether you’re visiting for the first time or returning, Rome always offers something new to discover.

Rome Tourist Information

Rome Info Points

Rome offers several main tourist information points where visitors can receive detailed guidance and resources for their visit.

Roma Welcome Center

  • Address: Via dei Fori Imperiali, 21, 00184 Roma RM
  • Opening Hours:
    • Monday to Sunday: 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM

Tourist Infopoint Termini

  • Address: Piazza dei Cinquecento, 00185 Roma RM (inside Termini Station)
  • Opening Hours:
    • Monday to Sunday: 8:00 AM – 8:00 PM

These info points provide free city maps, multilingual brochures, information on tourist attractions, city events, day trips, and much more. They also offer advice on cultural promotions, museum cards, and public transportation tickets. You can even get customized itineraries tailored to your specific needs.

Tourist Tax in Rome

All visitors staying in Rome are required to pay a tourist tax directly to their accommodation provider. The amount varies according to the type of accommodation and is applied per person per day. For detailed information, please consult your accommodation provider.

Authorized Tourist Guides

In Italy, only authorized professionals can work as tourist guides. Recognizing an authorized guide is easy: they must display a Personal Identification Badge. This ensures a high-quality, informative, and engaging experience.

Drinking Water and Public Fountains

Rome is home to numerous public fountains, known as “Nasoni,” which provide clean, drinkable water. These fountains are spread across the city and are a sustainable way to quench your thirst while exploring. Note that it is forbidden to bathe in these fountains.

Rome with Children

Rome is a family-friendly city with many activities for children. Visit child-friendly museums, outdoor spaces, and parks with equipped play areas. Kids under 10 travel for free on public transport. Discover the best spots for kids in Rome to make your trip enjoyable for the whole family.

Museums and Free Activities

Rome offers many museums with free admission on specific days. Besides museums, the city has numerous free attractions. Here are some must-visit places:

  • Musei Capitolini: Free on the first Sunday of each month.
  • Galleria Borghese: Free every first Sunday.
  • Vatican Museums: Free on the last Sunday of each month.

For a complete guide to free activities and museums, visit the Rome tourist website.

Pet-Friendly Rome

Rome is welcoming to pets, with certain rules in place. Dogs of medium and large sizes must wear a muzzle and leash in public places and on public transport. Many parks have designated areas where dogs can run freely. Always respect the local regulations and other park visitors.

Smoking Regulations

Rome has strict smoking regulations. It is forbidden to smoke outdoors in public paths unless you are at least ten meters away from others. Smoking is also banned in play areas, public transport stops, cemeteries, dog areas, and sports facilities.

Public Toilets

While using the toilet in bars and cafés usually requires purchasing something, there are several free toilets available:

  • Inside major museums and landmarks: Available during visiting hours.
  • Big department stores: Free toilets are available.
  • Paying toilets: Found inside train stations and some underground stations.

Bank, Shop, and Post Office Hours

  • Banks: Generally open Monday to Friday, 08:30 AM – 1:30 PM and 2:30 PM – 4:30 PM.
  • Post Offices: Open Monday to Friday, 08:20 AM – 7:05 PM, and Saturday, 08:20 AM – 1:35 PM.
  • Shops: In the city center, open 09:30/10:00 AM – 08:00/09:00 PM, seven days a week. Other areas may close for lunch and holidays.

Where to Buy Stamps

Stamps can be purchased at tobacco shops and souvenir shops. Use normal red mailboxes for standard stamps and yellow mailboxes for GPS-tracked stamps. Collectable stamps are available at philatelic spaces in post offices.

Money Exchange

Money can be exchanged at post offices, exchange offices at airports, some hotels, and banks (registration required). Private exchange offices are also available, but verify commission charges before exchanging money.

Lost and Found

If you lose something in Rome, use the online service or visit the Lost and Found counter. Contact information can be found on the Rome tourist website.

Emergencies and Useful Contacts

  • Emergency Services: Dial 112 for all emergencies.
  • Out of Hours Medical Service: Dial 116117 from Monday to Friday, 8:00 PM to 8:00 AM; 24/24 on holidays and pre-holidays.
  • Pharmacies: Generally open Monday to Friday, 08:30 AM – 1:30 PM and 2:30 PM – 7:30 PM, and Saturday 8:30 AM – 1:30 PM. For 24/7 pharmacies, visit
  • For non-urgent medications, a home delivery service is available: Call 800 189 521 from Monday to Friday, 09:00 AM – 5:30 PM.

Cultural Promotions and Museum Cards

Rome offers various museum cards and promotions for culture enthusiasts:

  • Roma Pass: Provides access to numerous attractions and public transportation.
  • Archeologia Card: Offers entry to major archaeological sites.
  • Vatican & Rome Card: A combined ticket for the Vatican Museums and other Roman attractions.

Rome Travel Guide Useful Links

Additional Information

For more details, visit the official Rome tourism website or check out travel blogs and guides like Lonely Planet.